Comparative mythology - WikipediaProto-Indo-European mythology is the body of myths and stories associated with the Proto-Indo-Europeans , the hypothetical speakers of the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European language. Although these stories are not directly attested, they have been reconstructed by scholars of comparative mythology based on the similarities in the belief systems of various Indo-European peoples. Various schools of thought exist regarding the precise nature of Proto-Indo-European mythology, which do not always agree with each other. The main mythologies used in comparative reconstruction are Vedic , Roman , and Norse , often supported with evidence from the Baltic , Celtic , Greek , Slavic , and Hittite traditions as well. Well-attested myths of the Proto-Indo-Europeans include a myth involving a storm god who slays a multi-headed serpent that dwells in water and a creation story involving two brothers, one of whom sacrifices the other to create the world. The Proto-Indo-Europeans may have believed that the Otherworld was guarded by a watchdog and could only be reached by crossing a river.
Recommended Books on Germanic Paganism
Comparative mythology is the comparison of myths from different cultures in an attempt to identify shared themes and characteristics. For example, scholars have used the relationships between different myths to trace the development of religions and cultures , to propose common origins for myths from different cultures, and to support various psychological theories. Anthropologist C.
Prf 28, non-fiction, and who were again killed to accompany their master, accompanied by the primordial cow. Other theories hold that the females were slaves who were viewed as the property of the men. The god of healing Dian Cecht also slays Meichi in Celtic mythology. Anth.
Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Classical Hindu Mythology. This feature is found in the northern mythologies of Eurasia and the Americas " Laurasia " while it is missing in the southern mythologies of Subsaharan Africa, som. Some comparative mythologists look for similarities only among hero stories within a specific geographical or ethnic range.
Myths and Symbols in Pagan Europe Early Scandinavian and Celtic Religions
Anglo-Saxon paganism , sometimes termed Anglo-Saxon heathenism , Anglo-Saxon pre-Christian religion , or Anglo-Saxon traditional religion , refers to the religious beliefs and practices followed by the Anglo-Saxons between the 5th and 8th centuries AD, during the initial period of Early Medieval England. A variant of the Germanic paganism found across much of north-western Europe, it encompassed a heterogeneous variety of beliefs and cultic practices, with much regional variation. Developing from the earlier Iron Age religion of continental northern Europe, it was introduced to Britain following the Anglo-Saxon migration in the mid 5th century, and remained the dominant belief system in England until the Christianisation of its kingdoms between the 7th and 8th centuries, with some aspects gradually blending into folklore. The pejorative terms paganism and heathenism were first applied to this religion by Christian Anglo-Saxons, and it does not appear that these pagans had a name for their religion themselves; there has therefore been debate among contemporary scholars as to the appropriateness of continuing to describe these belief systems using this Christian terminology. Contemporary knowledge of Anglo-Saxon paganism derives largely from three sources: textual evidence produced by Christian Anglo-Saxons like Bede and Aldhelm , place-name evidence, and archaeological evidence of cultic practices.
See also: Dying-and-rising deity and Descent to the underworld. Their immense powerunder a tribal chieftain or cyning "king" who at the same time acted as military leader, necessitated rituals. Princeton University Press: Princeton. Germanic pagan society was structured hierarchical.